ERIC Number: ED306668
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Effective Practices and Structures for Middle Grades Education. Policy Issues.
Mac Iver, Douglas
This document draws upon theory and research about early adolescence and about the effects of middle grades structures and practices on student outcomes. The purpose is to identify specific problem areas and promising innovations that should be considered by policymakers as they establish guidelines for the restructuring of education in the middle grades. The first part of the document considers research on evaluation and authority structures. The second part focuses on the strengths and weaknesses of departmentalization and discusses ways of reorganizing schools to mitigate the weaknesses of the departmentalized approach while retaining its strengths. The paper then discusses various states' approaches to these issues and considers the policy implications of making the recommended changes in middle grades education. Appended are 64 references. (Author/SI)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Change Strategies, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational Improvement, Educational Quality, Junior High Schools, Middle Schools, School Organization, School Policy, Student Evaluation
Publications, Appalachia Educational Laboratory, Inc., P.O. Box 1348, Charleston, WV 25325 ($5.00 prepaid).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Appalachia Educational Lab., Charleston, WV.; Center for Research on Elementary and Middle Schools, Baltimore, MD.
Note: Prepared by the Policy and Planning Center.