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ERIC Number: ED306665
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Bible Reading and Prayer in the Public Schools: Clearing Up the Misconceptions.
Furst, Lyndon G.
The purpose of the research was to provide practitioners in the public schools with an empirical basis for their efforts to find the proper place of religious ritual and instruction in the school setting. This paper analyzes two Supreme Court decisions regarding prayer and Bible reading in the public schools: (1) "Engel v. Vitale"; and (2) "School District of Abington Township, Pennsylvania v. Schempp." The headnotes of each case, as supplied by the editors of the "Supreme Court Reporter" are listed in a table. These headnotes denote the legal principles expressed in the actual text of the Court's decision. Beside each headnote is placed the words that limit the legal restrictions in the note. The analysis indicated that the activity banned by the Supreme Court in "Engel v. Vitale" was the imposition of the religious activity of prayer by government and not the actual act of prayer itself. Prayer by students or teachers is not forbidden. Prayer imposed by the government or one of its agents is forbidden. The analysis also indicated in the "Schempp" decision that reading the Bible in a public school was not forbidden; what was banned was the required reading of the Bible as a religious exercise. (SI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A