ERIC Number: ED306526
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Women's Work is Harder: The Arduous Task of Becoming an Expert.
Horgan, Dianne D.
Despite advances made by women, male professionals still outperform and outearn women professionals. Various explanations have been put forth, including gender discrimination, biological and/or socialization differences between the sexes and differential demands of parenthood. However, none of these explanations seems to account for the magnitude of the differences. One overlooked explanation for women's lower success rate is the difference between the task facing women and the task facing men. It may be that women's tasks are inherently more complex than men's. There are differences between men and women in the following: (1) the task of becoming an expert; (2) learning from experience; (3) heuristics; (4) pattern recognition; (5) good experiences; (6) importance of the task; (7) managers' tasks; (8) sample size of role models; (9) feedback; (10) base rate information; and (11) judgment under uncertainty. Women can benefit from more direct instruction and more feedback. Mentors, role models, and sensitivity by men to women's needs are needed. (ABL)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A