ERIC Number: ED306512
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Values of Early Adolescents Compared by Social Network Groups.
Bamford, Kathryn W.
Research has shown that the social networks of children are among the major socializing influences within children's environments. This study sought to determine the relationship between early adolescents' social networks and their corresponding value preferences. Subjects were 36 boys and 29 girls in two middle-class sixth-grade classrooms. The Rokeach Values Survey-Form D, revised by Cole (1972), and a social network protocol were administered in groups. Responses to the social network protocol were divided by adult composition into four groups: male-dominated (N=10), female-dominated (N=16), balanced (N=15), and no-adults listed (N=24). Chi-square analysis revealed that the adult composition of the social-network groups was not independent of the gender of the early adolescents. The Mann-Whitney U Test indicated seven terminal and eight instrumental value rankings were significantly different between the social network groups. Results were interpreted to reflect the gender of the children within each group: predominantly male groups ranked higher values that reflect an orientation of justice and individuation, while groups composed mostly of girls ranked higher values that focus on relationships. Little influence was demonstrated by the gender of the adults listed in the social-networks in the values of the sixth graders, thus failing to confirm the socializing influence of nonfamilial adults on gender differences in moral orientations of young adolescents. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989).