ERIC Number: ED306489
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Socialization Research in Administration, Graduate School, and Other Professions: The Heuristic Power of Van Gennep and Becker Models.
Ronkowski, Shirley; Iannaccone, Laurence
Ten socialization studies, all of which used Becker's model of perspective shift and/or Van Gennep's three-stage socialization framework were analyzed for common patterns that would add to the empirical and theoretical base of the Becker and Van Gennep models. The studies were concerned with experiences of adults entering and moving through educational administration, graduate school training, student teaching, nursing, and law enforcement. Empirical evidence was found to support Van Gennep's notion of the three stages of separation, transition, and incorporation occurring as phases within the transition stage when that stage takes place over a prolonged period of time. Using the concept of a three-phase sequence within the transition stage as a structure for deeper analysis of four of the 10 studies, three distinguishable patterns were found regarding the ways in which individuals locate themselves in the transition stage. The three patterns of self-location were: (1) comparison of one's self with others; (2) comparison of self, especially job related performance with role requirements; and (3) comparison of self with one's self in a temporal sense of past, present, and future. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989).