ERIC Number: ED306437
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Vocational Education and Training: A Review of World Bank Investment. World Bank Discussion Papers 51.
Middleton, John; Demsky, Terry
A study of a representative sample of 121 World Bank-funded vocational education and training components suggests that the level of economic development and consequent size and dynamism of industrial employment powerfully influence the outcome of such education and training. Consequently, future investment strategies should differ among countries that are at different levels of industrialization. Investments in middle-income countries should emphasize rehabilitation, quality improvement, and further development of institutional efficiency. In lower middle-income and larger lower-income countries, investments should support institutional development and policy issues, including separation of vocational education from other education and development of alternatives to direct government financing. In small low-income countries, resources should be concentrated in nonformal training centers, training quality, development of management capacity in training institutions, and aggressive marketing of training opportunities and services. These and other recommendations were based on the findings from analysis of questionnaire responses that provided quantitative data and narrative descriptive and evaluative data. (A 58-item bibliography and 30 tables appear in the report.) (CML)
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Economic Development, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, Industrialization, International Organizations, Job Training, National Programs, Vocational Education
World Bank Publications, 1818 H Street, NW, Washington, DC 20433 ($9.95).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.