ERIC Number: ED306426
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Reasons for Nonparticipation among Iowa Adults Who Are Eligible for ABE.
A study was conducted in Iowa to determine why adults eligible for adult basic education (ABE) frequently fail to participate. The study was conducted on a representative sample of 129 persons who had not completed high school, were aged 18 or older, and had not attended ABE classes, through open-ended questions refined into telephone interview questions. The most important reasons advanced by nonparticipant adults reflected negative perceptions about ABE. These reasons were low perception of need, perceived effort, dislike for school, and situational barriers. Low perception of need is associated with older age. Situational barriers (marriage, children to care for, employment) derive from the role responsibilities of adults in midlife. In general, the factors that inhibit participation were more potent for older adults than for younger ones. The study concluded that it may be more difficult to recruit older adults who see no need for a high school diploma. Therefore, the ABE population, if refined to include only those who have not completed high school and who want to do so, is being much better served than previously thought. Finally, the study recommended that more thought be given to scheduling to aid in recruiting younger adults who have fewer negative perceptions but have more situational barriers to education. (The survey instrument and 14 references are appended.) (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Iowa State Dept. of Education, Des Moines.
Authoring Institution: Western Iowa Tech, Sioux City.
Identifiers - Location: Iowa