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ERIC Number: ED306398
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Informal Research and Development for Agricultural Development--Key Roles for Agricultural and Extension Educators.
Kitinoja, Lisa
Informal research and development (R & D) is defined as any small-scale, decentralized agricultural or extension education program that involves the population of learners in the process of planning, implementation, and evaluation of a learning process. It involves simple experimentation with potential solutions to common problems. The presence of a professional trained in informal R & D methodologies can facilitate each step in the informal R & D model. Informal R & D promotes several concepts of prime concern to international educators and development experts, including active participation of the local population, focus of teaching/learning content, respect for indigenous agricultural knowledge and skills, and the possibility of development leading to political empowerment and to demands for change in the distribution of power within society. The many roles that an agricultural or extension educator must be prepared to play under these circumstances can be grouped within five broad categories. Roles in the initial planning stage include those of the researcher, collaborator, and consultant. During implementation, the educator's roles include facilitator, resource person, consultant, and instructor. A key role during evaluation is to guide the process. Professional educators must also report results and serve as trainers. (25 references.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Caribbean Meeting of the Association for International Agricultural and Extension Education (Kingston, Jamaica, August 7-12, 1988).