ERIC Number: ED306397
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug-31
Learning and Coping Strategies Used by Learning Disabled Students Participating in Adult Basic Education and Literacy Programs. A Final Report of the 310 Special Project 87-98-7014.
Ross, Jovita M.
Interviews with 19 adults participating in adult basic education or literacy programs were conducted to ascertain the strategies they used to compensate for reading and writing difficulties. Although the project intended to secure this information from adults diagnosed as learning disabled, it had to rely on self-reports and educational history to identify the learning-disabled adults, since fewer than half had been officially diagnosed. The research found that the adult learners used a variety of coping strategies for reading, such as guessing the word from context, sounding it out, and using picture clues. Some asked for help from supportive others. They ordered food in restaurants without difficulty by ordering standard items or asking for suggestions from the server or companions, and they read medicine bottles by the numbers and by memory of doctors' or pharmacists' instructions. Few strategies were used for spelling, although some students used dictionaries or carried lists of frequently used words. The research found that most of these persons were productive and good workers when tasks did not involve reading or writing. Many were good at building and mechanics. The study recommended that teachers capitalize on learners' interests and strengths to design learning experiences to lead them into more complicated reading, for example, using job-related materials. (Appendices include 14 references, the interview guides, and a participant profile.) (KC)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Students, Behavior Patterns, Coping, Learning Disabilities, Literacy Education, Problem Solving, Reading Difficulties, Spelling, Student Characteristics, Student Motivation, Writing Difficulties
Institute for the Study of Adult Literacy, Pennsylvania State University, 248 Calder Way, University Park, PA 16802 ($5.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg. Div. of Adult Basic Education.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park. Coll. of Education.