ERIC Number: ED306346
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Curriculum and Instruction in Chapter 1 Programs: A Look Back and A Look Ahead.
Passow, A. Harry
This document reviews the history of compensatory education programs under the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act (Chapter 1), assesses the programs' current status, and speculates on their future paths. Part 1 is a historical review of compensatory education, identifying strategies, programs and services provided, ways it has been evaluated, and the target population it has served. Part 2 discusses the following instructional strategies used in compensatory education programs: (1) pull-out programs; (2) add-on programs; (3) in-class programs; and (4) replacement programs. Problems of instructional coherence are identified. The history of compensatory education has been essentially one of curriculum differentiation rather than pedagogical differentiation. Part 3 addresses issues pertaining to the curriculum, including the coordination of regular and compensatory education classes, and curricula to improve cognitive development; and reading, mathematics, and thinking skills. Part 4 addresses the following topics pertaining to teachers, teaching, and classroom environment: (1) active instruction; (2) relevance; (3) bilingualism and language instruction; (4) cultural pluralism; (5) classroom organization; (6) nurturing the gifted; (7) student grouping; (8) parent involvement; and (9) accelerated schools for at-risk students. Part 5 is a summary. Chapter 1 programs and services consist mostly of pullout programs for remedial reading and mathematics, but they by no means comprise the whole of the nation's compensatory education efforts. A 24-item list of references is included. (BJV)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Compensatory Education, Curriculum Design, Curriculum Development, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Program Design, Relevance (Education), Remedial Instruction, Teaching Methods
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Teachers College, Box 40, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.; Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Teachers College.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Consolidation Improvement Act Chapter 1