ERIC Number: ED306339
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Urban School-Community Alliances. Trends and Issues No. 10.
Collaborations between urban schools and businesses, community agencies, cultural institutions, and universities have become a popular way to improve public education. Motives for collaborating include the following: (1) schools with a largely disadvantaged population need powerful, vocal support groups; (2) businesses need a highly educated and skilled workforce; (3) health and social service agencies need to connect with clients; (4) arts and cultural institutions need to widen their audiences; and (5) universities and colleges need students with appropriate skills and knowledge demanded by post-secondary education. Collaboratives can be comprised of entire educational systems or single-schools. Individual organizations or coalitions can represent the community side of the collaboration. Many are student-focused. The Boston Compact and the Rochester Education Initiative are examples of multi-institutional collaboration with an entire district. Umbrella organizations have also developed to advocate, initiate, coordinate, direct, and evaluate collaboratives. Principles of successful collaboratives include the following: (1) commitment; (2) egalitarian decision-making; (3) clarity about roles; (4) clarity and flexibility about methods and goals; and (5) ability to bridge institutional cultures. Problems encountered in collaboration include accountability, funding, and equitable distribution of resources. A number of serious policy questions require further research. A list of 49 references is appended. (FMW)
Descriptors: Agency Cooperation, College School Cooperation, Community Cooperation, Cooperative Planning, Cooperative Programs, Educational Cooperation, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Institutional Cooperation, Literature Reviews, Parent School Relationship, Program Descriptions, School Business Relationship, School Community Relationship
ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, Teachers College, Box 40, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027.
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, New York, NY.