ERIC Number: ED306335
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Change and Effectiveness in Schools: A Cultural Perspective. SUNY Series: Frontiers in Education.
Rossman, Gretchen B.; And Others
This book examines educators' norms, beliefs, and values in case studies of three "improving" high schools. The distinction between "sacred" and "profane" norms in the teaching profession is applied to the relationships among school culture, improvement efforts, and the effectiveness of change strategies. Schools' cultures, which vary in uniformity and alterability and which derive from a complex of national and local influences, react differently to the challenge of behavioral and cultural change. An introductory chapter explores factors involved in teacher response to improvement and effectiveness initiatives. Chapters 2 through 4 detail conditions and responses in the following three schools, respectively: (1) Monroe High School, located in a small city with a declining industrial base; (2) Westtown High School, serving a white-collar suburban community; and (3) Somerville High School, situated in a working-class neighborhood within a major city. Chapter 5 presents and expands on propositions relating school culture and change. Chapter 6 returns to definitions of effectiveness and urges change that respects the complexity and diversity of American high schools. A final chapter describes the study's procedures in the following categories: (1) research methods; (2) research approach; (3) site selection; (4) data collection plan; and (5) data analysis. A list of 98 references is appended. (AF)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Educational Anthropology, Educational Change, Educational Environment, Educational Improvement, High Schools, School Culture, School Effectiveness, Secondary School Teachers, Social Values, Suburban Schools, Teacher Attitudes, Urban Schools
State University of New York Press, State University Plaza, Albany, NY 12246 (paperback: ISBN-0-88706-726-3, $10.95; hardcover: ISBN-0-88706-725-5, $34.50). Tel: 800-666-2211 (Toll Free).
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Practitioners; Researchers
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A