ERIC Number: ED306321
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Educational Progress: Cities Mobilize To Improve Their Schools.
Hill, Paul T.; And Others
This report identifies the strategies that multiproblem urban school districts have used to make major improvements in recent years. A panel of experts familiar with urban school systems nominated over 30 candidate urban districts for study. The following districts were chosen for analysis: (1) Atlanta (Georgia); (2) Cincinnati (Ohio); (3) Memphis (Tennessee); (4) Miami (Florida); (5) Pittsburgh (Pennsylvania); and (6) San Diego (California). Data were drawn from intensive interviews conducted with local school and community leaders in the 1987-88 school year. The major findings include the need for a cooperative effort on the part of the school superintendent, the business community, the teachers' union, and the school board to perform the following tasks: (1) reach out and involve the larger community in educational issues; (2) make information about school needs, resources, and performance widely available; (3) forge communitywide agreement about improvement goals; and (4) subordinate the traditional roles of boards, administrators, and teachers to the larger imperative of systemwide improvement. The roles of the following participants in reform are discussed in detail: (1) school superintendent; (2) school board; (3) business and community leaders; (4) teachers and unions; (5) the media; (6) State and Federal governments; and (7) national foundations. A list of 18 references is appended. (FMW)
Descriptors: Administrator Role, Board of Education Role, Business Responsibility, Change Strategies, Community Role, Cooperative Programs, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Government Role, News Media, Program Descriptions, School Business Relationship, School Community Relationship, Superintendents, Teacher Role, Unions, Urban Areas, Urban Schools
The Rand Corporation, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90406-2138.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers - Location: California (San Diego); Florida (Miami); Georgia (Atlanta); Ohio (Cincinnati); Pennsylvania (Pittsburgh); Tennessee (Memphis)