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ERIC Number: ED306291
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Self-Concept of Academic Ability Scale--A Review and Further Analysis.
Brookover, Wilbur B.
Recent studies of the self-concept of academic ability, described by W. B. Brookover in 1959, are reviewed. The self-concept of academic ability is defined as the individual's assessment of his or her ability to learn in the school context in comparison to relevant others in the school. A scale--the Self-Concept of Academic Ability Scale--was developed in 1964 by Brookover. Because it is postulated that self-concept of academic ability is a function of the perceived evaluations of significant others, which may change with time and the identification of relevant others, changes in scores are to be expected. The current examination concerns the nature of self-concept of academic ability as it relates to a characteristic of schools--the degree of differentiation of school programs. This is the degree to which the school differentiates among students through grouping or practices based on the presumed ability to learn. Data from three samples of Michigan elementary schools (statewide sample, 68 schools; predominantly black sample, 30 schools; and a predominantly white sample) revealed a negative relationship between school differentiation and the variance in self-concept within each school. It may be that those in lower groups assess themselves relatively higher than if they were in heterogeneous groups. Results suggest that self-concept of academic ability is not a constant, but varies with the situation and expectations. Two forms of the self-concept scale are attached. (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A