ERIC Number: ED306021
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
A Developmental Correlate of Gender: Career and Family Values in High School and College Students.
Ward, Shawn L.; Rubin, Cynthia A.
With the growing number of dual career families, research has focused on sex-roles and the relationship between career and family values. An assertion is made that the instrumental role (independence, self-reliance) has been associated with support of the family, while care of the home and family requires an expressive role (nurturance).This study assessed career and family values as correlates of sex-typing in high school and college students. A total of 133 high school students in the eleventh grade and 173 college seniors completed three questionnaires: (1) the Role Values Inventory, a 19-item scale assessing individuals' career and family values; (2) the Bem Sex Role Inventory; and (3) a demographic survey. Findings indicated that gender was not the best predictor of career or family values. Subjects sex-typed as masculine and androgynous significantly valued a career more than did the undifferentiated type. Females expressed a greater interest in a career and valued a career more than did males. Females sex-typed as masculine were found to value a family significantly less than all other females. Finally, college students valued both a career and family more than did high school students. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Kansas City, MO, April 27-30, 1989).