ERIC Number: ED305538
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Economic, Social, and Psychological Resources as Predictors of Victimization.
While research has identified several factors related to female domestic violence victims, the cross-sectional methodologies used make it difficult to determine whether these factors predispose the individual to victimization. This study used a longitudinal design to assess the predictive power of indices of economic, social, and psychological resources found to be related to victimization among women by previous studies. Individuals engaged to be married for the first time were recruited through newpaper and radio advertisements. Volunteer couples were assessed approximately 1 month before their wedding dates and again 6 months and 18 months after their weddings. Data were obtained from 315 wives at each of the three assessment periods. Eighteen months after their weddings, 80 wives reported being the victims of at least one incident of their husband's physical aggression during the past year. The results support the utility of certain premarital and early marital economic and psychological resources as significant predictors of victimization status and variance in extent of victimization among victimized wives. Women with lower incomes and who were less secure with their jobs and with their economic situations generally were more likely to be victims of their husbands' violence and to experience more frequent and severe domestic violence. Women who were less aggressive, especially in the marriage, and who reported greater negative stress were more likely to be victims and to experience greater severity and frequency of domestic violence. Social support resources did not prove to be significant predictors of victimization. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Georgia Univ., Athens. Inst. for Behavioral Research.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Social Problems (38th, Atlanta, GA, August 21-23, 1988).