ERIC Number: ED305119
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar-31
Reference Count: 0
Reconsidering the Community College Contribution.
Cohen, Arthur M.
Projecting the prospects and possibilities for community colleges accurately is not an easy exercise due to the vulnerability of both internal and external conditions to unanticipated forces. One aspect of the community college that is particularly affected by external forces is enrollment. Enrollments are influenced by legislation, the decline in the literacy of high school graduates, immigration, changes in the numbers of college-age adults and college-going rates, and employment needs. Another aspect of the two-year college that has undergone major changes is the curriculum. Emphasis on one or another curriculum area has shifted from time to time depending on student aspirations and the availability of alternative educational resources. The curriculum has experienced shifts toward occupational studies, adult education, and general education, as well as the most recent major change in emphasis towards remedial or compensatory studies. The colleges also face several possibilities in the years ahead if current trends persist or if changes in state and local policies are implemented. Such possibilities for positive change exist in the areas of the assessment of student learning, the identification of common learning outcomes, patterns of funding, the differentiation of curriculum content from student intent, and differential rewards for colleges that achieve certain outcomes. An important prerequisite to realizing positive change in these areas is greater emphasis on educational research that measures the effect of various practices and thus changes instructional functions. (AJL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989).