ERIC Number: ED304957
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Who Goes into Family Medicine?
Rezler, A. G.; Kalishman, S. G.
The results of a study to identify criteria that could help select applicants to medical school who have a lasting commitment to family medicine are presented. During the past 15 years major efforts have been made to increase the number of family physicians in the United States. Although primary care programs attract more students whose initial career goal is family practice instead of traditional programs, many of them switch to a specialty before they become residents. Switches occur in spite of the well publicized oversupply of specialists. This retrospective, longitudinal study asked practitioners their reasons for staying in family medicine or for shifting to a specialty. Their entrance information was also collected. Based on data available about the students at entrance, two data sources were used (medical school folders and phone interviews with graduates). Results indicate demographic and academic characteristics, father's education, and Grade Point Average in college have good predictive validity for stability in family medicine. Personality characteristics are also important, with the "sensing" and "feeling" personality types more common in family physicians than in specialists. More shifters are "perceptive" types. Those medical schools that wish to increase graduates in family medicine could select them according to specified criteria unique to their school or apply criteria developed in this study. An appendix provides a form for selection criteria. Contains 16 references. (SM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Kellogg Foundation, Battle Creek, MI.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27, 1989).