ERIC Number: ED304904
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Teaching English for the Professions: English for Specific Purposes in ESL Undergraduate Composition Courses.
Although there is a variety of approaches to teaching composition in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classes, none is entirely satisfactory in helping undergraduate ESL students succeed in the academic and professional world. This population has specialized needs and objectives and requires a more tailored approach. The most common approaches currently used are free composition, controlled composition, semi-controlled composition, and neo-Aristotelian composition. The process of composing in each of these approaches is: (1) subordinated to the mechanical manipulation of models, (2) disregarded because students are not helped with invention or revision, or (3) limited by forcing students to write within restrictive outlines. Assignments using these approaches give little regard to the students' future needs. Based on research on the writing skill needs of ESL students, a course was designed using a modification of the British model of English for specific purposes. The course is individualized to the greatest extent possible, with assignments based on the students' academic majors and with support services such as tutors, a reading center, language labs, and student-teacher conferences used routinely. The focus on language skills rather than composition elements, on specific rather than general writing tasks, and on language skills improvement rather than pronunciation mastery has been found to be effective. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Proceedings of the Seventh Annual Eastern Michigan University Conference on Languages for Business and the Professions (see FL 017 839).