PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED304809
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979
Reference Count: 0
Designing Environments for Handicapped Children: A Design Guide and Case Study. First Edition.
Moore, Gary T.; And Others
This guide addresses the planning and architectural design of play/learning environments for special needs children. The exceptional children discussed include those with most types of mild to severe handicaps and developmental disabilities. Specifically excluded from consideration are health impairments, severe psycho-emotional difficulties such as autism and psychosis, severe or profound mental retardation, and orthopedic handicaps if they are not accompanied by other learning disabilities. Section 1 defines and discusses the range of developmental disabilities covered, reviews literature on exceptional education and the physical environment, and briefly describes the procedure used in creating and using a generic behaviorally-based architectural design guide. Section 2 discusses the role of the physical environment in the development of children with exceptional problems and presents 14 design principles with specific user requirements for designing play/learning environments. Examples of the design principles include: continuity and branching, clear accomplishment points, retreat and breakaway points, barrier-free environments, and challenging environments. A case study in Section 3 shows how to apply the design principles to a particular situation, client, and site, and is illustrated by a design for an outdoor play/learning environment for the St. Francis Children's Center in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. (JDD)
Descriptors: Architecture, Design Requirements, Disabilities, Educational Facilities Design, Elementary Secondary Education, Human Factors Engineering, Outdoor Activities, Physical Activities, Physical Environment, Playground Activities, Playgrounds, Preschool Education, Structural Elements (Construction)
Academy for Educational Development, 1255 23rd St., N.W., Washington, DC ($4.00 plus postage).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Facilities Labs., Inc., New York, NY.