ERIC Number: ED304637
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Age and Gender Differences in Community Recognition of Depression.
Yoder, Carol Y.; And Others
Depression is a serious health problem and efforts are being made to educate laypeople in relevant ways about symptoms and the course of the disorder, availability of treatments, and related coping strategies. These programs have typically been initiated based more on assumptions regarding community knowledge of depression than on factual data. This study assessed knowledge of depression in a random sample of 527 community living adults between the ages of 18 and 93. Subjects were presented with vignettes which described a young or old protagonist with depressive symptoms. Respondents were asked to identify potential problems and possible solutions. A depression information measure followed. The results indicated that community residents were aware of many objective features of depression although they identified less information about treatment issues. Older respondents were the least informed of all subjects. Although there were no gender differences in objective knowledge among respondents, men were less likely to mention depression with regard to the vignettes. While many respondents appropriately acknowledged some of the characteristic symptoms, causes, and treatments for depression, a great deal of education still needs to occur. The findings from this study have implications for future work in the area of mental health and depression. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society (41st, San Francisco, CA, November 18-22, 1988).