ERIC Number: ED304620
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Explorations of Adolescent Drug Involvement.
Gottfredson, Gary D.
The most important theoretical perspectives on adolescent drug use are probably those of Akers which use ideas from differential association theory and a variant of social learning theory; Oetting and Beauvais' peer group perspective; and the family perspective of Patterson and Dishion. This research involved an examination of stages of initiation into drug use, the properties of drug use measures, and the specificity versus generality of drug use and other forms of deviant behavior. It also involved empirical research to determine the extent to which drug involvement can be regarded as a construct distinct from other manifestations of delinquent behavior. This research used a subset of data previously collected on a cohort-sequential sample of secondary school students, collected from 1981-1983 as part of the School Action Effectiveness Study. These surveys measured an extensive array of parental, peer, and personal characteristics, including drug use and delinquency. Results imply that drug availability is an important determinant of individual drug involvement. Other implications include: (1) additional attention to basic psychometric theory and statistical methodology would be helpful in future research on the stepping stone perspective; (2) future research on school and environment as influences on adolescent drug use may have promise; and (3) variation from school to school in levels of drug use can be explained by the differences in the populations of students attending schools. Results also support the general deviance perspective and the drug specificity perspective. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Authoring Institution: N/A