ERIC Number: ED304579
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Comparing Male and Female Adolescents with a Causal Model of Career Maturity.
Existing theories of career development are based primarily on observations of white, middle-class males. This has prompted consideration of a separate theory of career development for women. Before a separate theory can be justified, it must be established that sex differences in the career development process do exist. A study attempted to determine if sex differences exist in the relationships among, and relative strengths of, a set of variables in a causal model of career maturity. High school students recruited from study halls in two school systems in rural and suburban areas of southwestern Virginia were administered short tests and a questionnaire. Data were collected from 156 male and 162 female students in grades 10-12. Ninety percent of the students were Caucasian, and the majority came from middle and upper middle class families. Students' parents also were surveyed. The set of variables measured included background variables such as family climate and locus of control. The results of the study suggest that the development of career maturity differs in subtle ways for males and females. For males, the single most important determinant of career attitudes was age: the older a boy becomes the more ready he is to make career decisions. Although this tends to be true for females as well, age is not as important as a sense of family cohesion and an internal locus of control. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989).