ERIC Number: ED304108
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr-7
Reference Count: N/A
The Missing Link: A Bridge between Task Analysis and Training Strategy.
Martinetz, Charles F.
This description of a method for using task analysis information to derive skill and knowledge requirements in the development of a training course begins by considering two important aspects of deriving skill and knowledge requirements. First, it is argued that task description is an important part of system design and training development in that it is concerned with attempts to identify the formal properties of performance, and to categorize them into their underlying components, i.e., skills and knowledge. Second, it is argued that a taxonomy for categorizing the skills and knowledge required should be used to analyze the components of work behavior in terms of the characteristics of the worker, and that training should be developed around the particular characteristics and capabilities of the learner population. A four-part classification scheme is then proposed for the types of jobs that evolve in large systems. The four categories of requirements--definitional, procedural, decisional, and heuristic requirements--are described, and it is noted that the task analyst or training developer must be taugth to examine each job four times, to consider each of the categories separately. Arguing that these categories are exhaustive yet easily trainable, and that they lead to suggestions for training, it is suggested that these categories will fulfill most training needs. A taxonomy worksheet is attached. (EW)
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Society for Performance and Instruction (Washington, DC, April 7, 1988).