ERIC Number: ED304069
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Factors Associated with Creative Collegiate Summer Programs.
Young, Raymond J.
A study was conducted in 1986 to ascertain factors associated with creative summer session programs among U.S. universities and colleges. All were classified by Carnegie type as Doctoral granting, Research, and Comprehensive; all similar Canadian universities were considered, and 14 were included. Areas examined included: institutional characteristics; definitions imposed; descriptions of the programs identified as creative; factors perceived as associated with the presence of creative summer programs; mode of decision making; program evaluation structure; and financial support of summer sessions. Study findings reinforce the tenets of the theories of incentives, human behavior motivation, and organizational behavior. There were no surprises. Internal factors perceived to be most closely related to the presence of creative summer term programs were individual faculty initiative often stimulated by financial incentive and central administrative encouragement, psychological support of instructional unit administrators and faculty, and leadership by summer session administrators in a flexible climate. Influential external factors were societal trends, public concerns, felt needs and desires of current and potential students, and suggestions of occupational and professional groups in the institution's service region. Appended are descriptions of institutions studied, creative programs and activities identified, and names of institutions included in site visits. (SM)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: North American Association of Summer Sessions, St. Louis, MO.; Western Association of Summer Session Administrators.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Partially supported by Phi Delta Kappa.