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ERIC Number: ED304049
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Pages: 44
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
What Universities and Counseling Centers Can Do To Address the Problem of Low Admission, Attrition, and Retention of Minority Students.
Cervantes, Oscar F.
Several factors associated with academic underachievement and high attrition of minority students are discussed, based on a review of the literature. A significant problem exists in undergraduate and graduate programs with respect to the lack of representation of minority students. The three factors identified as most critical are: (1) self-esteem and self-concept; (2) educational barriers; and (3) systematic issues such as biased tests, poverty, discrimination, and alienation in schools. Recommendations to help this situation include: making legislative changes at all levels; providing greater financial aid to underrepresented minorities; and improving congruency (the match or fit between the needs, interests, and skills of the individual and those of the communities of the institution). It is important for faculty and administrators to work together in remedial academic programs, advising, personal, financial and career counseling, and minority support groups. It is noted that effective minority programs require minority staffing since minority students require appropriate role models. Since predictors of college success for Caucasian students may be inappropriate for minorities, new criteria should be developed. Universities should implement a series of programs and activities designed to increase the amount of interaction between minority and Euro-American students. The importance of counseling services is discussed. Contains about 160 references. (SM)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A