ERIC Number: ED304041
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Critical Thinking: Theory, Research, Practice, and Possibilities. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report No. 2, 1988.
Kurfiss, Joanne Gainen
The formal development of critical thinking is discussed, and guidance is provided to help faculty insure that critical thinking becomes an integral part of learning. Theory, research, teaching practice, and college programs pertinent to the development and role of critical thinking are presented in order to show how educators have shaped educational settings to nurture the capacity and disposition to think critically. Eight sections include: (1) introduction (definitions, teaching critical thinking, and purpose of the report); (2) historical background (forerunners and relationship to the current scene); (3) informal logic: analysis and construction of arguments (formal and informal logic, critical thinking textbooks, and educational implications); (4) cognitive processes in critical thinking (assumptions, reasoning of novices and experts, and affective factors: curiosity and purpose); (5) developmental foundations of critical thinking (stages of intellectual development, differences between samples, and changing students' beliefs about knowledge); (6) teaching critical thinking in the disciplines (teacher education, evaluation in critical thinking courses, and common features in critical thinking courses in the disciplines); (7) institutional issues and approaches (circular approaches, organizational strategies, and features of current programs); and (8) conclusion (needed research and support and dissemination). Contains about 300 references. (SM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, College Instruction, College Students, Critical Thinking, Evaluative Thinking, Higher Education, Intellectual Development, Intellectual Disciplines, Logical Thinking, Models, Productive Thinking, Student Development, Teacher Responsibility, Teaching Methods
ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Reports, The George Washington University, One Dupont Circle, Suite 630, Dept. RC, Washington, DC 20036-1183 ($15.00).
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; ERIC Publications; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Association for the Study of Higher Education.; ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Washington, DC.