ERIC Number: ED303999
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Language Processes in Contrast.
A discussion of the field of contrastive linguistics (CL) begins by defining the relationship between theoretical and applied CL in terms of the concept of finalization, which originated in the philosophy of science. Then, the historical development of CL in the United States and Europe is sketched. This development is seen as characterized by a reorientation from structure-centered to process-centered analysis. Research conducted in the following areas is considered to have contributed to this change: inter- and intralingual errors, language universals, interlanguage, transfer and cognition, and discourse. It is suggested that this reorientation has helped to reduce the contrast between the two domains of theoretical and applied CL and corresponds to the shift in focus from language structure to language use in general linguistics. Sociosemiotics is proposed as a methodological and theoretical framework for CL, with social interaction across cultures as the central object in CL. This object is described on the basis of underlying cognitive processes and is explained in semiotic terms. A reference list of 127 items is appended. (Author/MSE)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the International Association of Applied Linguistics (8th, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, August 16-21, 1987).