ERIC Number: ED303751
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug
Stability of Work Values: Individual Differences and Relationship with Decision Making.
Ravlin, Elizabeth C.; And Others
Values in the workplace have long been a topic of interest for both researchers in organizational behavior and management practitioners alike. Values are believed to be deeply internalized standards for personal behavior because they are based on a person's experience. Relatively little attention has been paid to the processes relating to individual differences in value stability. Such individual differences should have implications for the relationship between values and decision-making. This study examined the issue of work value stability and the extent to which individual differences in value stability affect the relationship between values and decision-making. Subjects, undergraduate college students (N=79), participated in three survey sessions. At each session they completed a work values measure and a decision-making task. At the second session, an effort was made to alter the importance of one value, concern for others. Results indicated that while as a whole, values were relatively stable over the short time interval studied, some individuals were more stable than others. These people were more likely to emphasize their values in decision-making. This study raises important issues with regard to predicting behavior from values. Not only are outside influences a factor in reducing the explanatory power of values, but by failing to discriminate between individuals who have developed self-schemas concerning particular values from those who have not, ability to understand the values-behavior relationship is limited. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (96th, Atlanta, GA, August 12-16, 1988).