ERIC Number: ED303738
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Interrelations of Negative Affectivity, Anxiety Sensitivity, and Fearfulness.
Halsten, Jerry; Stokes, Joseph
Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is an individual difference variable consisting of beliefs that anxiety experiences lead to negative consequences, such as illness, embarrassment, or additional anxiety. Negative Affectivity (NA) is an individual difference variable that reflects a tendency to experience negative affect and to maintain a negative view of oneself and of the world. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that the association between AS and fearfulness would be reduced substantially by controlling NA. The Anxiety Sensitivity Index, the Fear Survey Schedule II, and the Negative Affectivity Scale were completed by 100 introductory psychology students. The results did not support the hypothesis. Although AS and NA were correlated, AS was a strong predictor of fearfulness, even after variance in fearfulness accounted for by NA had been removed. Conversely, the relation of NA to fearfulness was greatly attenuated by partialling out variance attributable to AS. These findings suggest that a person's beliefs about the aversiveness of being anxious are important in assessing predisposition to fear. Four references and three tables are included. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (96th, Atlanta, GA, August 12-16, 1988).