ERIC Number: ED303533
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jul
Race and Geographical Mobility in the United States, 1940-1980.
White, Michael J.; Mueser, Peter R.
Disparities in rates of mobility among groups in the population have long been of interest as indicators of potential differences in access to economic and social opportunities. Racial differentials in mobility within the United States are seen as evidence of the lack of assimilation of blacks into the American mainstream. This paper tests for a convergence over time in racial differentials in local residential mobility and migration. Tabulations of the 1940-80 Public Use Microdata Files of the U.S. Census and corresponding loglinear models are used to examine changes over time in the interaction of race and mobility, while controlling for the influence of age, education, and southern origin. Results reveal that effects of age, education, and time period on the distribution of persons among mobility types are substantial. With the exception of those who have attended or completed college, blacks tend to remain less migratory than whites at all times, even after controlling for age and education. However, evidence does exist for the reduction of these differentials over time. A list of 25 references is included. An outline discussion of the Systematic Alien Verification For Entitlements (SAVE) program is also included. (FMW)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Blacks, Demography, Educational Background, Migrants, Migration, Migration Patterns, Minority Groups, Opportunities, Place of Residence, Population Distribution, Racial Differences, Residential Patterns, Statistical Analysis, Whites
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, NW, Washington, DC 20037.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD. Center for Population Research.
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.
Note: Earlier draft presented to the Population Association of America (April, 1988).