ERIC Number: ED302940
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Change in Public Education: A Technological Perspective. Trends & Issues, Series Number 1.
Gillman, Thomas V.
This paper is one in a series of studies which highlight and synthesize recent research and practice in educational management. The paper presented here discusses recent research findings and current practice on the adoption, implementation, and integration of microcomputers into the instructional program at the elementary and secondary levels. The first part draws upon a recent two-year study that examined the empirical information derived since 1980 on the adoption, implementation, and integration of microcomputers within the elementary and secondary instructional program in the United States. The research findings are organized around six contextual divisions identified in the study: setting, resources, governance, implementation, process evaluation, and integration. The subsequent section discusses general implications for action, focusing on two primary areas of responsibility: (1) incorporating computer literacy as an integral part of the curriculum at all instructional levels and (2) exploiting the potential of this technology for improving instructional methodology. The correlates of educational policymaking relative to microcomputer adoption focus on three types of reinvention: operational, technical, and managerial. The final section is a case study of Sacramento City Unified School District's strategic plan entitled "Opportunity 21: A Guide to the Twenty-First Century." This strategy incorporates planning and feedback processes that are critical to the full integration of educational technology into the schools. The 12 most important ideas to emerge from the research are summarized, and a bibliography is included. (TE)
Descriptors: Adoption (Ideas), Change Strategies, Computer Uses in Education, Computers, Educational Innovation, Educational Policy, Educational Technology, Elementary Secondary Education, Formative Evaluation, Long Range Planning, Microcomputers, Program Administration, Program Evaluation, Program Implementation, Public Education
Publications, ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, University of Oregon, 1787 Agate Street, Eugene, OR 97403 ($6.00 prepaid; $2.50 handling charge on billed orders).
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Administrators; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.