ERIC Number: ED302810
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Nov-30
The Effectiveness of Using Interactive Computer Programs To Model Textbook Reading Strategies for University and Community College Psychology and Biology Students.
Mikulecky, Larry J.; Adams, Susan McIntyre
A study assessed the utility and effectiveness of two interactive computer programs designed to instruct and model effective strategies for reading biology and psychology textbooks. Intended for undergraduates, the two programs were developed at Indiana University's Learning Skills Center, and were designed to teach students how to: (1) identify key concepts; (2) compare, contrast, and connect ideas by writing linking summary statements; and (3) synthesize and graphically map relationships among key concepts. Subjects, 205 undergraduate students of matched ability from a major university and from a two-year community college, were assigned to treatment and control groups, and read two 7-10 page textbook selections with topics, text formats, and difficulty levels typical of most college level introductory texts in biology and psychology. The instructional format included explication of concepts, modeling of strategies, practice and feedback, and assessment and branching. Students who used the interactive computer programs significantly outperformed control group students; the fact that this pattern held in a test administered a week later which involved reading new texts without aid of the computer programs suggested successful transfer of the reading strategies. Interview and questionnaire data indicated that students viewed computer instruction positively. (Six tables of data are included, and 25 references are attached.) (SR)
Descriptors: Biology, Computer Assisted Instruction, Content Area Reading, Higher Education, Instructional Material Evaluation, Programed Instruction, Programed Instructional Materials, Psychology, Reading Comprehension, Reading Research, Reading Strategies, Science Instruction, Textbooks, Undergraduate Students
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (38th, Tucson, AZ, November 29-December 3, 1988).