ERIC Number: ED302781
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Gender and Grade Expectation in University Students.
Schnorr, Janet K.; And Others
Since World War II, women have become a permanent part of the American work force but are under-represented in most scientific professions. Researchers are now aware of gender influences on expectations and achievement in academic settings, with research indicating that females have lower expectations of competence in science-related professions. Gender differences were explored in beginning architecture students (N=200) at the University of Arizona. After completing a semester design project, students were given a survey to assess gender influences and project effectiveness. Females reported significantly less experience in architecture and had significantly lower grade expectations for the project than did males. There were no significant gender differences on actual project grades or final course grades. Although beginning female architecture students lacked experience and had lower expectations for subject success when compared to their male counterparts, their final achievement and performance was consistent with males. These findings suggest that females may have a more accurate perception of performance and achievement while males may have a distorted perception of achievement. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (68th, Burlingame, CA, April 28-May 1, 1988).