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ERIC Number: ED302754
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Stress and Psychological Symptoms in Single and Dual Parent Families.
Williams, Rebecca A.; Compas, Bruce E.
Stress, coping, and psychological adjustment were compared in single (N=37) and first-time married (N=179) mothers and their young adolescent children. Adolescents completed their questionnaires in school and parents completed theirs at home. Questionnaires measured adolescent stress, behavior problems, perceived competence, and coping; parental stress, symptoms, and coping; and demographics. The results showed that single mothers reported more daily hassles related to economic, family, and personal health problems, and more symptoms of depression, anxiety, and psychoticism than did married mothers. Single mothers also reported using more coping strategies related to accepting responsibility and positive reappraisal. After controlling for level of family income, differences in family hassles and coping strategies remained significant, but differences in psychological symptoms only approached significance. No differences were found between children in these two family constellations on maternal reports of emotional/behavioral problems nor on children's self-reported emotional/behavioral problems, stressful events, coping, or perceived competence. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (96th, Atlanta, GA, August 12-16, 1988).