ERIC Number: ED302750
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug-13
Reference Count: N/A
Cognitive Representations of Physical Diseases.
Bishop, George D.
Recent research in lay conceptions of physical illness has indicated that lay people understand physical illness through the use of illness schemas. These schemas are thought to include at least five components: identity, cause, time line, consequences, and cure. This research examined two of these components, cause and consequences, through the use of multidimensional scaling. Undergraduate students (N=132) completed questionnaires by rating 18 different diseases as to their similarity and on 18 different characteristics. Subjects were assigned to different conditions and were asked to rate the diseases as to how similar they were in general terms or in terms of what causes them, how one gets them, or in terms of their consequences. The results point to dimensions in use by people when thinking about these aspects of disease and also contribute to an understanding of lay responses to different diseases. The findings have implications for understanding lay views about Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and its perceived relationship with other viral diseases. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (96th, Atlanta, GA, August 12-16, 1988).