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ERIC Number: ED302452
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Differences in Performance on Tests of Cognitive Functioning: A Meta-Analysis of Research Findings.
Tohidi, Nayereh E.; And Others
An analysis of the findings in 70 U.S. and foreign studies that compare male and female students' performance on tests of cognitive functioning was conducted. The studies were reported in various science and psychology journals between 1965 and 1981. Overall, the results showed small but consistent gender differences, with males scoring slightly higher than females in cognitive domains involving conservation, spatial visualization, cognitive style, reasoning, and logical thinking; females performed slightly better than males on specific tasks involving classification and seriation. Analysis of variance and regression analyses revealed that the following variables had significant effects on the magnitude of gender differences: (1) cognitive domain; (2) response mode; (3) region of country; (4) sample selection; (5) type of community; (6) and year of publication. A general reference list of 85 items as well as tables and graphs are included. The appendices contain a list of 70 synthesized studies and a breakdown of the studies by cognitive domains. (DJC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper based on a doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois.