ERIC Number: ED302416
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Life and Physical Science Misconceptions of Preservice Elementary Teachers.
Crawley, Frank E.; Arditzoglou, Sophia Yani
Misconceptions are systematic, intelligently conceived, and quite reasonable theories that have been constructed on the basis of experience. Research studies on misconceptions have indicated that students develop intelligently conceived and sophisticated concepts of science. Although some of these are compatible with the principles of modern science, others are incorrect, outdated, or unacceptable in a science-oriented culture. The views of science held by elementary students and the extent to which their views can be modified will depend on the teachers' conceptions. Possessing misconceptions will most certainly cripple the teachers' ability to identify and correct the misunderstandings students bring with them into the classroom. This study aimed to identify the life and physical science misconceptions of preservice elementary teachers enrolled in three sections of a science methods course offered at the University of Texas at Austin during the spring semester of 1988. In particular, the study had as objectives, to: (1) identify preservice teachers' misconceptions in the physical and life science concepts; (2) develop, field test, and revise multiple-choice test items designed to identify the physical and life science misconceptions of preservice elementary teachers; and (3) correlate the scores on the pilot versions of the "Physical Science Misconceptions Test" and "Life Science Misconceptions Test" to preservice teachers' academic ability/achievement indices of science and math knowledge. (Author/CW)
Descriptors: Biological Sciences, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Structures, Concept Formation, Elementary Education, Elementary School Science, Higher Education, Learning Processes, Misconceptions, Physical Sciences, Prediction, Preservice Teacher Education, Science Education
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the School Science and Mathematics Association (Austin, Texas, December 2-3, 1988).