ERIC Number: ED301981
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: 0
Knowledge and Performance of Social "Scripts" by the Mentally Retarded.
Soodak, Leslie C.
The study explored the organization of mentally retarded individuals' event knowledge and the relationship between social knowledge and performance in naturally occurring events. Twenty mentally retarded adults and 20 nonretarded preschoolers were asked to sequence photographs of events depicted in familiar and novel contexts. Preschoolers were unable to sequence events depicted in novel contexts, suggesting that young children may not possess scripts for the events as depicted. Mentally retarded individuals were better able to sequence events depicted in familiar contexts than in novel contexts, suggesting deficits in generalizing social knowledge. Observations of mentally retarded individuals in naturally occurring events indicated that actual social behavior was unrelated to event knowledge. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (95th, New York, NY, August 28-September 1, 1987).