ERIC Number: ED301917
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Education and Female Labor Force Participation.
Psacharopoulos, George; Tzannatos, Zafiris
Statistics have created an arbitrary, confusing distinction between a labor force participant and an nonparticipant; women were relegated to a second class employment citizenship that failed to recognize household production and assigned them a lower participation rate relative to males. Despite these shortcomings, such statistics can prove useful. After a brief introduction, the second section of this paper compiles and discusses trends in female labor force participation in 136 countries. Section III reviews labor supply models helping to explain women's decision to seek jobs. Section IV explores factors possibly responsible for differences in the female labor force participation rate among countries and through time, with special emphasis on education's role. Section V examines two related questions. First, are educated women more likely to participate in the labor force than uneducated ones? Second, will educated women participate for longer periods than uneducated ones? Results suggest that education positively affects the incidence of female labor force participation and women's lifetime length of participation in the labor market. In fact, an extra year of schooling results in two more years of participation. This finding is discussed in the context of alternative policies that may increase femals' role in economic activity. Included are 27 references and appendices offering statistical data and explanations of terms. (MLH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the World Congress of Comparative Education (6th, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, July 6-10, 1987).