ERIC Number: ED301857
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship between Attitudes toward Censorship and Selected Academic Variables.
Dwyer, Edward J.; Summy, Mary K.
Focus: Teaching English Language Arts, v15 n1 p82-89 Win 89
To examine characteristics of subjects relative to their attitudes toward censorship, a study surveyed 98 college students selected from students in a public university in the southeastern United States. A 24-item Likert-style censorship scale was used to measure attitudes toward censorship. Strong agreement with affirmative items would suggest that a respondent was pro-censorship; the reverse was true for the negatively directed items. After completing the censorship scale, subjects were tested on the vocabulary subtest of the Nelson-Denny Reading Test, a 100-item multiple-choice test designed to yield a raw score indicating vocabulary knowledge. Following the vocabulary measure, subjects were tested with two separately administered cloze tests. The first cloze test was constructed from a newspaper article strongly opposing censorship, while the second cloze test used an article strongly favoring censorship. Findings suggested that individuals with weaker vocabularies tended to have more favorable attitudes toward censorship than their counterparts with stronger vocabularies. Yet, comprehension as measured by the cloze tests suggested that attitude toward censorship had no effect on performance. (Two tables of data are included, and a list of the censorship scale items and 11 references are appended.) (MM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Theme of journal issue is "Cultural Literacy and English Language Arts."