ERIC Number: ED301835
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Varieties of Help-Seeking as a Learning Strategy and the Role of Self-Esteem Threat.
Karabenick, Stuart A.
Previous research has shown that seeking help is an important and ubiquitous behavior in higher education. However, relatively little is known about the person and situation determinants of academic help-seeking. This study was designed to differentiate types of help-seeking and examine sources of help and goals. Students (N=386) in biology, English literature, and social sciences courses at four types of institutions of higher education provided data. Data were collected at the beginning and end of the academic term. Students who used more help-seeking and other strategies also sought help more when required. Students who engaged in rehearsal (rote processes of repetition, recopying, and memorization) were more likely to seek help from fellow students than from instructors or study skills personnel. Conversely, students who engaged in the more complex strategies of critical and original thinking were more likely to utilize formal rather than informal sources. In general, the role of threat to self-esteem was more highly related to resource management and lower complexity cognitive strategies (rehearsal) than to more complex strategies (critical and original thinking). (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychological Association (96th, Atlanta, GA, August 12-16, 1988).