ERIC Number: ED301788
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Interaction of Work and Family Stress on Fathers in Single and Dual-Earner Families.
Dytell, Rita Scher; Schwartzberg, Neala S.
While the effects of maternal employment on women have been highlighted in the literature, less attention has been given to the effects of maternal employment on men. This study examined the interaction of work sources and family sources of stress on the psychological health of men in single- and dual-earner families. Questionnaires on background characteristics, work experiences, family experiences, and psychological health outcomes were completed by fathers and mothers of second, third, or fourth grade students in three elementary schools. Scales of job stress, family stress, and strain reactions (job dissatisfaction, depressed mood, psychological disturbance, self-esteem, and negligent health practices) were completed by 40 fathers in single-worker and 46 fathers in dual-worker families. No significant differences were found in magnitude or components of job and family stressors or on psychological health outcomes. Significant interactive effects of joint family and work stress were found on three of the five outcome measures: the interaction of high family and high job stress had an adverse effect over and above the impact of the combined direct effects of these stressors, but only for men in dual-earner families. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (59th, Buffalo, NY, April 21-24, 1988).