ERIC Number: ED301623
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug-13
Reference Count: 0
Self-Identity Development Model of Oppressed People: Inclusive Model for All?
Highlen, Pamela S.; And Others
The Self-Identity Development Model of Oppressed People (SIDMOP) is a synthesis of several areas of psychology, including developmental, cross cultural, and spiritual literatures. SIDMOP provides an all-inclusive model of identity development for oppressed minorities in the United States, regardless of ethnicity. The model was formulated from the following sources: (1) the authors' personal narratives; (2) clinical and anecdotal accounts; and (3) research literature. In addition, a male or a female were interviewed from the following groups: (1) Black; (2) Hispanic; (3) Asian American; (4) American Indian; (5) Jewish American; (6) Physically Disabled; and (7) Gay/Lesbian/Bisexual. The SIDMOP process moves through the following: (1) absence of conscious awareness; (2) transition from absence of conscious awareness to individuation; (3) individuation; (4) transition from individuation to dissonance; (5) dissonance; (6) transition from dissonance to immersion; (7) immersion; (8) transition from immersion to internalization; (9) internalization; (10) transition from internalization to integration; (11) integration; (12) transition from integration to transformation; and (13) transformation. Graphically the process can be likened to a spiral that moves along an infinity sign, illustrating the repetitive, never-ending progress through ascending levels of awareness. A table illustrates the parallels between SIDMOP and other identity development models, as well as a graphic representation. A list of references is also included. (FMW)
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Developmental Stages, Emotional Development, Identification (Psychology), Minority Groups, Models, Personal Narratives, Personality Change, Personality Development, Personality Theories, Psychological Patterns, Reference Groups, Self Actualization, Self Concept, Social Cognition, Social Discrimination
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Symposium presented at the American Psychological Association Convention (Atlanta, GA, August 13, 1988).