ERIC Number: ED301620
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
America's Shame, America's Hope: Twelve Million Youth at Risk. Executive Summary.
Smith, R. C.; Lincoln, Carol A.
This document is an executive summary of a report asserting that the under-education of a body of students, known as "at-risk" youth, presents a crisis in American public education that has been overlooked by the educational reform movement of the 1980s. These youth are referred to as "at-risk" because they leave school unprepared for either further education or available jobs. Often they are prepared only for lives of alienation and dependency. If the trend continues, the result will be a labor force unsuited to post-industrial economy. Workers' basic skills, particularly at the entry level, are not sufficient for the United States to compete in a world economy. Federal aid to education has declined in real dollars by 23 percent, and is now insufficient to serve the following at-risk groups: (1) low-income children in need of pre-school education; (2) students in need of remedial programs; (3) students in need of bilingual education; and (4) youth in need of job training. However, the most formidable barriers to assisting at-risk youth do not concern a lack of money, but the failure to perceive them as in need of specific long-term attention, resistance to educational change at the state and local levels, and an absence of genuine leadership at the federal level. Figure 1 includes an outline of a Policy and Program Development Phase-Descriptor Continuum. Figure 2 includes a list of findings and recommendations. (FMW)
Descriptors: Academic Failure, Bilingual Education, Dropouts, Educational Change, Educational Needs, Educationally Disadvantaged, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Government School Relationship, High Risk Persons, High Risk Students, Job Training, Low Income Groups, Minority Group Children, Outcomes of Education, Preschool Education, Remedial Programs, Student Needs, Urban Youth, Youth Employment
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Mott (C.S.) Foundation, Flint, MI.
Authoring Institution: MDC, Inc., Chapel Hill, NC.