ERIC Number: ED301616
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr-8
The Carrot or the Stick for School Desegregation Policy?
Rossell, Christine H.; Clarke, Ruth C.
This study compares the long-term desegregation effectiveness of voluntary plans with magnet schools to mandatory reassignment plans with magnet schools. The introduction includes an extensive discussion of the problems of choosing dependent variables for use in desegregation studies. The potential study population was chosen based on the percentage of the minority groups in the school district population, and whether the desegregation plan used a magnet-voluntary or a magnet-mandatory structure. Twenty school districts were chosen for study from that population. The following characteristics were examined: (1) decrease of the white population (white flight); (2) interracial exposure; (3) racial imbalance; and (4) net balance. The analysis suggests that a magnet school plan based primarily on voluntary transfers will produce greater long-term interracial exposure than a mandatory reassignment plan with magnet components. This is probably due to greater white flight from the mandatory plans. Thus, adding magnet schools to a mandatory reassignment plan does not make it competitive with a voluntary plan. Twenty-two notes, and a list of 38 references are included. Six graphs and six tables of statistical data are included in the appendices. (FMW)
Descriptors: Desegregation Effects, Desegregation Methods, Elementary Secondary Education, Magnet Schools, Migration, Population Trends, Racial Balance, Racially Balanced Schools, Research Problems, School Demography, School Desegregation, School Districts, Statistical Analysis, Urban Schools, Voluntary Desegregation, Whites
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 8, 1988). For complete study, see ED 279 781.