ERIC Number: ED301355
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Before It's Too Late: Dropout Prevention in the Middle Grades.
Wheelock, Anne; Dorman, Gayle
This monograph explores current trends in the literature on school reform, dropouts, effective schools, and successful practices in the middle grades in order to create a framework for thinking about dropout prevention at the intermediate level. Literature reviewed in Chapter 1 suggests that the dynamics of dropping out involve the relation between school responses and student characteristics. School policies and practices which may communicate rejection to vulnerable students are noted. Research reviewed in Chapter 2 suggests that consciously designed alternatives can increase schools' holding power for vulnerable students. Chapter 3 suggests that lessons from effective middle schools may offer new directions in dropout prevention and guide middle schools in making decisions that will help students succeed. Schools can assess their structures, policies, and practices to determine whether they are enhancing or hazardous for the education of vulnerable students. Chapter 4 which focuses on dropout prevention at the middle level, identifies components of preventive strategies and principles designed to guide prevention efforts. Chapter 5 offers recommendations for improving school holding power at the local level, and Chapter 6 presents conclusions. About 150 references are cited. A checklist for middle grade dropout prevention is appended. (RH)
Descriptors: Dropouts, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Elementary Education, High Risk Students, Institutional Characteristics, Intermediate Grades, Intervention, Literature Reviews, Middle Schools, Prevention, School Holding Power
Center for Early Adolescence, Suite 211, Carr Mill Mall, Carrboro, NC 27510 ($9.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Massachusetts Advocacy Center, Boston.; Center for Early Adolescence, Carrboro, NC.