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ERIC Number: ED301158
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Computers for All Children: A Literature Review of Equity Issues in Computer Utilization.
One of three publications of the Research on Equitable Access to Technology project, this paper provides a literature review of the issues surrounding the provision of equitable access to computers for all children. Both the extent and types of inequities are explored, including hardware and software issues, and language and sex inequities. The effectiveness of computer instruction for underutilizing students is detailed, and five instructional variables that need to be emphasized in the case of low socio-economic, low-achieving, and minority students are considered: (1) cognitive styles; (2) expectations; (3) reinforcement; (4) academic learning time; and (5) classroom organization and groups. The importance of peer teaching is stressed, particularly because of the lack of available trained teachers and limited opportunities for computer training in disadvantaged schools. The report concludes with a discussion of some of the implementation issues that must be considered when setting up and maintaining a computer training program which addresses equity issues. (84 references) (EW)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Computer Literacy, Disadvantaged Youth, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Microcomputers, Peer Teaching, Program Implementation, Sex Differences
Publications, Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, 1855 Folsom Street, San Francisco, CA 94103 ($2.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Far West Lab. for Educational Research and Development, San Francisco, CA.
Note: For the two companion titles in this set, see IR 013 496-497.