ERIC Number: ED301099
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
What Happens during Tutoring: An Investigation of Time Use, Questioning, and Learning Processes.
Hixon, Karen K.; Sherman, Thomas M.
To investigate the reasons that tutoring is effective, a study was conducted of what happened during a series of tutoring sessions, and the effects of these events on students' behaviors and tutoring outcomes were analyzed. A total of 48 tutoring sessions, which included 6 tutors and approximately 25 college student-athletes, were tape-recorded by the tutors. The sessions were analyzed in terms of time use (percentage of talk time for tutor and student on and off task, and silence) and questioning (frequency count for tutor and student, categorized as preparation, process or review). The results revealed a consistent pattern of tutor dominance in that: tutors talked about three times as much as students, asked about six times as many questions, devoted most of their time presenting information, asked few questions, and provided little time for students to ask or respond to questions. Probable reasons for the students' passivity are discussed, including the safety offered by silence and passivity and the reinforcement that may be provided by the tutors. Contains 13 references. (KM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 5-9, 1988).