ERIC Number: ED300714
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Drug Use and Crime. Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report.
Innes, Christopher A.
In 1974, 1979, and 1986, the Bureau of Justice Statistics sponsored surveys of nationally representative samples of inmates of state correctional facilities. Results from the 1986 Survey of Inmates of State Correctional Facilities which included 13,711 inmates, indicated that inmates reported high levels of drug use prior to the commission of the crime for which they were incarcerated. In the month before their current offense, 43% of state prison inmates were using illegal drugs on a daily or near daily basis; 19% were using a major drug on a daily basis. Many inmates began their use of drugs, particularly major drugs (heroin, methadone, cocaine, phencyclidine, or lysergic acid diethaylamide), after their criminal careers had already started. Almost 80% had used drugs at some time in their lives; 52% had used a major drug. White inmates and female inmates were somewhat more likely than others to have been regular users of major drugs. About 65% of inmates reported that they had never been regular users of a major drug, and an additional 21% began such regular use after their first arrest. The greater the offender's use of major drugs, the more prior convictions the inmate reported. Users of major drugs were substantially more likely than nonusers to report that they received income from illegal actiViuies during the time they were last free. Twenty-eight percent of inmates reported a past drug dependency. Thirty percent reported that they had participated in a drug treatment program at some time. About one-half of the inmates who had participated in a program had received their most recent treatment while they were incarcerated. Seventeen tables illustrate the report's statistics. (ABL)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Bureau of Justice Statistics.